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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 106  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 259-262

Ocular cyclovertical deviations among strabismic patients attending Ophthalmology Department in Minia University Hospital


Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Sahar T Abdelrazik
MD, Ophthalmology Department, Minia University Hospital, Minia
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2090-0686.131618

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Introduction Small residual hyperdeviations following surgical alignment of horizontal strabismus are of special clinical significance as they cause permanent problem in patient's binocular function. Once the correct diagnosis has been made, medical and surgical management of these deviations does not present any problems. Objective This study was designed to detect the prevalence of vertical deviation among patients suffering from strabismus, attending Minia University Hospital. Design This retrospective study was conducted in the Ophthalmology Department, Minia University Hospital during the period from January 2008 to January 2013. Patients and methods We reviewed our medical records at the Paediatric Ophthalmology Unit to evaluate the data of 1456 patients who attended the clinic from January 2008 to January 2013 and who were suffering from strabismus. They were subjected to complete history taking about birth history, trauma, abnormal head positions, and examination of old images. Complete ophthalmologic and orthoptic examination were performed. Detected cases of vertical strabismus were recorded and all data of the patients were subjected to statistical analysis. Results We reported that 87.5% of strabismus patients in the study had only horizontal deviation and 12.5% had vertical deviations either pure vertical or in association with horizontal deviations; 58.8% of these vertical deviations were inferior oblique overaction. Conclusion Vertical deviations had a considerable prevalence in strabismic patients and they should be in mind for good diagnosis and management of strabismus patients.


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