• Users Online: 462
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home Current issue Ahead of print Search About us Editorial board Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 109  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-40

Prevalence of dry eye disease in southern Egypt: a hospital-based outpatient clinic study


Ophthalmology Department, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Engy M Mostafa
Ophthalmology Department, Sohag University, Sohag 82524
Egypt
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2090-0686.192749

Rights and Permissions

Purpose The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dry eye disease (DED) in a tertiary ophthalmic outpatient hospital-based clinic in southern Egypt. Patients and methods A cross-sectional, observational, hospital-based study of 3128 patients was conducted at the Ophthalmology Outpatient Clinic of the Sohag University Hospital, Egypt, between January 2011 and August 2013. The participants comprised adult ophthalmic outpatients aged 18 years or older. DED was assessed subjectively with the Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) questionnaire and objectively with Schirmer's test, tear film breakup time (TBUT), and conjunctival/corneal staining. An OSDI score of 22 or more with a TBUT of less than 10 s or Schirmer's test reading of less than 10 mm was considered diagnostic of definite DED. Descriptive and analytical statistics were performed. In all comparisons, P value less than 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results Dry eye disease prevalence was 22.8% in the 3128 patients. DED was significantly more prevalent in patients 45 years or older and in females. An OSDI score more than 22 was found in 55%, TBUT less than 10 s in 44.7%, and Schirmer's test score less than 10 mm in 39.3%. DED symptoms are significantly associated with meibomian gland dysfunction, previous refractive surgery, and diabetes. Definite DED was significantly associated with previous cataract surgery, ocular allergy, pterygium, and diabetes. Conclusion This is the first observational study of DED in southern Egypt on a large sample population. The prevalence of DED among ophthalmic outpatients at Sohag University Hospital, Egypt, was 22.8% depending on both symptoms and signs. Older age patients and females were more susceptible to DED. DED is an existing entity that can compound any eye condition causing incomplete recovery, and therefore high index of suspicion is greatly advised.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed2888    
    Printed66    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded310    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal