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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 109  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 153-160

Retrospective study of ocular trauma in Mansoura Ophthalmic Center

Mansoura Ophthalmic Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Abd-Elmonem Elhesy
Ophthalmology Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, P.O. 35516
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2090-0686.204725

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Aim The aim of the study was to conduct an epidemiological study of ocular trauma cases presented to the Mansoura Ophthalmic Center, Mansoura College, regarding patient age, sex, and job, the reason for trauma, and kind of ocular injuries. Patients and methods This research is dependent on hospital discharge sheets, studies from the emergency room setting or population-based interviews. It is a retrospective epidemiological study that includes all patients presenting with ocular injuries to the Mansoura Ophthalmic Center (Mansoura College) throughout the period from January 2012 to June 2015. Within this study, we examined retrospectively 1134 patients presenting with eye injuries. Patient’s collected data included age, sex, address, occupation, duration of presentation, reason for trauma, site to trauma, and kind of injuries. The reason for injuries was differentiated into blunt or sharp. Based on the site of eye injuries, the data were classified into three groups: work-related injuries, home-related injuries, and street-related injuries. The examination sheet for the hurt eye was acquired, and information was recorded based on the standardized classification of ocular trauma. Results The study incorporated 1134 patients presenting with eye injuries within a period of 3.5 years (from January 2012 to June 2015). Most instances (80.4%) of ocular trauma occurred in male patients, who had an average chronological age of 25 years (varying from 1 to 80 years). Factory employees represent 36.2% of the total injury cases. Farmers represented 2.5% of hurt individuals. Students represented 18.5% of hurt individuals. Motorists constituted 1.4%. Housewives constituted 7.2% of injury cases. Individuals without any jobs constituted 34.2% of cases. Within this study, there was no delay in presentation to the hospital in 788 (69.5%) cases. However, 268 (23.6%) patients demonstrated delay greater than 24 h to 1 week, and 78 (6.9%) patients demonstrated delay in excess of 7 days. Workplace injuries constituted 36.7% of cases, road-related injuries 31.9% of cases, and home injuries 31.4% of cases. Blunt objects represented 36.3% of eye injury cases. Sharp objects represented 63.7% of eye injury cases. There have been 852 (75.1%) closed-globe injuries and 282 (24.9%) open-globe injuries. Conclusion In Egypt, ocular trauma is an issue, as it is a significant reason for blindness. This research was targeted at determining factors that are characteristics of ocular trauma, so that they can aid in reducing its prevalence in Egypt.

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